Posts Categorized: Botnet activity


A peek inside a modular, Tor C&C enabled, Bitcoin mining malware bot

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Cybercriminals continue to maliciously ‘innovate’, further confirming the TTP (tactics, techniques and procedure) observations we made in our Cybercrime Trends – 2013 assessment back in December, 2013, namely, that the diverse cybercrime ecosystem is poised for exponential growth. Standardizing the very basics of fraudulent and malicious operations, throughout the years, cybercriminals have successfully achieved a state of ‘malicious economies of scale, type of economically efficient model, successfully contributing to international widespread financial and intellectual property theft. Thanks to basic cybercrime disruption concepts, such as modular DIY (do-it-yourself) commercial and publicly obtainable malware/botnet generating tools. In 2014, both sophisticated and novice cybercriminals have […]

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Socks4/Socks5 enabled hosts as a service introduces affiliate network based revenue sharing scheme

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Thanks to the commercial and public availability of DIY (do-it-yourself) modular malware/botnet generating tools, the diverse market segment for Web malware exploitating kits, as well as traffic acquiring/distributing cybercrime-friendly traffic exchanges, cybercriminals continue populating the cybercrime ecosystem with newly launched services offering API-enabled access to Socks4/Socks5 compromised/hacked hosts. Largely relying on the ubiquitous affiliate network revenue sharing/risk-forwarding scheme, vendors of these services, as well as products with built-in Socks4/Socks5 enabled features, continue acquiring new customers and gaining market share to further capitalize on their maliciously obtained assets. We’ve recently spotted a newly launched affiliate network for a long-run — since 2004 […]

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5M+ harvested Russian mobile numbers service exposes fraudulent infrastructure

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Cybercriminals continue adapting to the exponential penetration of mobile devices through the systematic release of DIY (do-it-yourself) mobile number harvesting tools, successfully setting up the foundations for commercial managed/on demand mobile phone number harvesting services, ultimately leading to an influx of mobile  malware/spam campaigns. In addition to boutique based DIY operations, sophisticated, ‘innovation’ and market development-oriented cybercriminals are actively working on the development of commercially available Android-based botnet generating tools, further fueling growth into the market segment. In a series of blog posts, we’ve been profiling multiple cybercrime-friendly services/malicious Android-based underground market releases, further highlighting the professionalization of the market […]

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Managed Web-based 300 GB/s capable DNS amplification enabled malware bot spotted in the wild

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Opportunistic cybercriminals continue ‘innovating’ through the systematic release of DIY (do-it-yourself), Web-based, botnet/malware generating tools, seeking to monetize their coding ‘know-how’ and overall understanding of abusive/fraudulent/malicious TTPs (tactics, techniques and procedures) - all for the purpose of achieving a positive ROI with each new release. We’ve recently spotted a newly released, Web-based DNS amplification enabled DDoS bot, and not only managed to connect it to what was once an active DDoS attack, but also, to the abuse of a publicly accessible open DNS resolver which has been set up for research purposes. Let’s discuss some of its features and take a peek at the […]

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‘Hacking for hire’ teams occupy multiple underground market segments, monetize their malicious ‘know how’

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In a series of blog posts published throughout 2012, we’ve been highlighting the existence of a vibrant underground market segment, namely, that of ‘hacking for hire’ services, email hacking in particular. Commercially available as a service for years, the practice’s growth was once largely fueled by the release of DIY Web-based popular email provider hacking tools, which once acquired by prospective cybercriminals, quickly became the foundation for a successful business model. How have things changed nowadays, in terms of tactics, techniques and procedures? Profoundly. Case in point, we’ve been tracking two such ‘hacking for hire’ services, both of which offer […]

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Market leading ‘standardized cybercrime-friendly E-shop’ service brings 2500+ boutique E-shops online

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The rise of boutique cybercrime-friendly E-shops, which we’ve extensively profiled in our “A Peek Inside a Boutique Cybercrime-Friendly E-Shop” series, continues further expanding as a market segment within the underground marketplace. Driven by the proliferation of public/commercially obtainable DIY (do it yourself) type of malware/botnet generating tools along side the ongoing standardization of the monetization process offered by opportunistic cybercriminals acting as intermediaries between those possessing the fraudulently obtained assets and their prospective customers, the market segment is prone to expand. Having already profiled a managed hosting service, empowering novice cybercriminals possessing compromised/hacked accounting information with efficient ways to monetize the stolen […]

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Cybercriminals release new Web based keylogging system, rely on penetration pricing to gain market share

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In need of a fresh example of penetration pricing, within the cybercrime ecosystem, used by a cybercrime-friendly vendor in an attempt to quickly gain as much market share as possible in the over-supplied market segment for keylogging-specific systems? We’re about to give you a very fresh one. A newly released, commercially available PHP/MySQL based, keylogging-specific malware/botnet generating system, with full Unicode support, is currently being offered for $5o, with the binary re-build priced at $20, in a clear attempt by the vendor to initiate basic competitive pricing strategies to undermine the market relevance of competing propositions. Just like the Web […]

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Newly released Web based DDoS/Passwords stealing-capable DIY botnet generating tool spotted in the wild

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Driven by the never ending supply of newly released DIY (do it yourself) underground market releases, in combination with the systematically rebooted life cycles of releases currently in circulation, cybercriminals continue actively developing new cybercrime-friendly malware generating/botnet building applications. Motivated by the desire to further continue the monetization of this ever-green market segment, a key driving force behind the consequential rise of E-shops offering access to compromised accounting data like those we’ve extensively profiled at Webroot’s Threat Blog in the past, these cybercriminals continue to ‘innovate’ and reboot the life cycles of known releases through the systematic and persistent introduction of […]

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Newly launched managed ‘compromised/hacked accounts E-shop hosting as service’ standardizes the monetization process

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Regular readers of Webroot’s Threat Blog are familiar with our “A Peek Inside a Boutique Cybercrime-Friendly E-shop” series, originally started in 2012, highlighting the trend emerging at the time of boutique based E-shops selling access to compromised/hacked accounts. Popping up on our radars on systematic basis, this maturing market segment is already entering in a new life cycle stage in early 2014. The current stage is the direct result of the ongoing efficiency-oriented mentality applied by cybercriminals over the years in the face of the active implementation of tactics such as, for instance, templatization, ultimately leading to standardization of key […]

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‘Adobe License Service Center Order NR’ and ‘Notice to appear in court’ themed malicious spam campaigns intercepted in the wild

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Happy New Year, everyone! Despite the lack of blog updates over the Holidays, we continued to intercept malicious campaigns over the same period of time, proving that the bad guys never take holidays. In this post, I’ll profile two prolific, social engineering driven type of malicious spam campaigns that we intercepted over the Holiday season, and naturally (proactively) protected you from. More details:

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