Posts Categorized: Botnet activity


A peek inside the ‘Zerokit/0kit/ring0 bundle’ bootkit

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In a diversified underground marketplace, where multiple market players interact with one another on a daily basis, there are the “me too” developers, and the true “innovators” whose releases have the potential to cause widespread damage, ultimately resulting in huge financial losses internationally. In this post, I’ll profile one such underground market release known as as “Zerokit, 0kit or the ring0 bundle” bootkit which was originally advertised at a popular invite-only/vetted cybercrime-friendly community back in 2011. I’ll emphasize on its core features, offer an inside peek into its administration panel, and discuss the novel “licensing” scheme used by its author, namely, to […]

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Madi/Mahdi/Flashback OS X connected malware spreading through Skype

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Over the past few days, we intercepted a malware campaign that spreads through Skype messages, exclusively coming from malware-infected friends or colleagues. Once users click on the shortened link, they’ll be exposed to a simple file download box, with the cybercriminals behind the campaign directly linking to the malicious executable. More details:

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Spamvertised ‘Re: Changelog as promised’ themed emails lead to malware

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We have recently intercepted a malicious spam campaign, that’s attempting to trick users into thinking that they’ve received a non-existent “changelog.” Once gullible and socially engineered users execute the malicious attachment, their PCs automatically become part of the botnet operated by the cybercriminal/gang of cybercriminals. More details:

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‘Terminated Wire Transfer Notification/ACH File ID” themed malicious campaigns lead to Black Hole Exploit Kit

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A couple of days ago our sensors picked up two separate malicious email campaigns, both impersonating Data Processing Services, that upon successful client-side exploitation (courtesy of the Black Hole Exploit Kit), drops an identical piece of malicious software. Let’s dissect the campaigns, expose the malicious domains portfolio, connect them to previously profiled malicious campaigns, and analyze the behavior of the dropped malware. More details:

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‘ADP Payroll Invoice’ themed emails lead to malware

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Over the past week, we intercepted a massive ‘ADP Payroll Invoice” themed malicious spam campaign, enticing users into executing a malicious file attachment. Once users execute the sample, it downloads additional pieces of malware on the affected host, compromising the integrity, and violating the confidentiality of the affected PC. More details:

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Malicious ‘BBC Daily Email’ Cyprus bailout themed emails lead to Black Hole Exploit Kit

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Cybercriminals are currently spamvertising tens of thousands of malicious emails impersonating BBC News, in an attempt to trick users into thinking that someone has shared a Cyprus bailout themed news item with them. Once users click on any of the links found in the fake emails, they’re automatically exposed to the client-side exploits served by the Black Hole Exploit Kit. More details:

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Fake ‘CNN Breaking News Alerts’ themed emails lead to Black Hole Exploit Kit

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By Dancho Danchev Cybercriminals are currently mass mailing tens of thousands malicious ‘CNN Breaking News’ themed emails, in an attempt to trick users into clicking on the exploit-serving and malware-dropping links found within. Once users click on any of the links found in the bogus emails, they’re automatically exposed to the client-side exploits served by the Black Hole Exploit Kit. More details:

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‘ADP Package Delivery Notification’ themed emails lead to Black Hole Exploit Kit

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By Dancho Danchev A currently ongoing malicious email campaign is impersonating ADP in an attempt to trick its customers into thinking that they’ve received a ‘Package Delivery Notification.’ In reality though, once a user clicks on any of the links found in the malicious email, they’re automatically exposed to the client-side exploits served by the Black Hole Exploit Kit. More details:

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Cybercriminals resume spamvertising ‘Re: Fwd: Wire Transfer’ themed emails, serve client-side exploits and malware

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Over the last couple of days, a cybercricriminal/gang of cybercriminals that we’ve been extensively profiling, resumed spamvertising tens of thousands of emails, in an attempt to trick users that they have a pending wire transfer. Once users click on any of the links found in the malicious emails, they’re exposed to the client-side exploits served by the Black Hole Exploit Kit. More details:

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Fake BofA CashPro ‘Online Digital Certificate” themed emails lead to malware

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By Dancho Danchev Over the past 24 hours, we intercepted tens of thousands of malicious emails attempting to socially engineering BofA’s CashPro users into downloading and executing a bogus online digital certificate attached to the fake emails. More details:

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