Posts Categorized: mal-effects


Today’s “massive” password breach: a Webroot perspective

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First, this is not a blog about a big corporate breach, or a massive new discovery.  Rather, the researchers at Trustwave gained access to a botnet controller interface (the C&C element of a botnet) known as Pony and revealed the data within. Not surprisingly, as the vast majority of botnets target user credentials, this controller had a good deal of data related to passwords. While 2 million passwords might seem like a lot, it is really a drop in the bucket compared to many recent breaches. Think about Adobe who lost a minimum of 28 million, but is rumored to […]

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Fake ‘October’s Billing Address Code’ (BAC) form themed spam campaign leads to malware

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Have you received a casual-sounding email enticing you into signing a Billing Address Code (BAC) form for October, in order for the Payroll Manager to proceed with the transaction? Based on our statistics, tens of thousands of users received these malicious spam emails over the last 24 hours, with the cybercriminal(s) behind them clearly interested in expanding the size of their botnet through good old fashioned ‘casual social engineering’ campaigns.

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Rogue antivirus that takes webcam pictures of you

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Recently we heard of a rogue fake antivirus that takes screenshots and webcam images in an attempt to further scare you into succumbing to it’s scam. We gathered a sample and sure enough, given some time it will indeed use the webcam and take a picture of what’s in front of the camera at that time. This variant is called “Antivirus Security Pro” and it’s as nasty as you can get. The rogue locks down any of the Advanced Boot Options: Safe Mode, Safe mode with Networking, Safe mode with Command prompt, directory services restore mode, ect. As soon as […]

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Fake ‘MMS Gallery’ notifications impersonate T-Mobile U.K, expose users to malware

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Over the last two months, we’ve been closely monitoring — and proactively protecting from — the malicious campaigns launched by cybercriminals who are no strangers to the concept of social engineering topic rotation. Their purpose is to extend a campaign’s life cycle, or to generally increase a botnet’s infected population by spamming out tens of thousands of fake emails, exposing users to malicious software. The most recent campaign launched by the same cybercriminal(s), is once again impersonating T-Mobile U.K in an attempt to trick mobile users into thinking that they’ve received a legitimate MMS Gallery notification. In reality though, once the […]

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Cybercriminals impersonate HSBC through fake ‘payment e-Advice’ themed emails, expose users to malware

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HSBC customers, watch what you execute on your PCs. A circulating malicious spam campaign attempts to socially engineer you into thinking that you’ve received a legitimate ‘payment e-Advice’. In reality, once you execute the attachment, your PC automatically joins the botnet operated by the cybercriminal(s) behind the campaign.

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Fake WhatsApp ‘Voice Message Notification’ themed emails expose users to malware

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We’ve just intercepted a currently circulating malicious spam campaign impersonating WhatsApp — yet again — in an attempt to trick its users into thinking that they’ve received a voice mail. Once socially engineered users execute the malicious attachment found in the fake emails, their PCs automatically join the botnet operated by the cybercriminal(s) behind the campaign.

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Fake ‘Annual Form (STD-261) – Authorization to Use Privately Owned Vehicle on State Business’ themed emails lead to malware

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Want to file for mileage reimbursement through a STD-261 form? You may want to skip the tens of thousands of malicious emails currently in circulation, attempting to trick users into executing the malicious attachment. Once downloaded, your PC automatically joins the botnet operated by the cybercriminal(s) behind the campaign, undermining the confidentiality and integrity of the host.

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Malicious multi-hop iframe campaign affects thousands of Web sites, leads to a cocktail of client-side exploits

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Sharing is caring. In this post, I’ll put the spotlight on a currently circulating, massive — thousands of sites affected — malicious iframe campaign, that attempts to drop malicious software on the hosts of unaware Web site visitors through a cocktail of client-side exploits. The campaign, featuring a variety of evasive tactics making it harder to analyze, continues to efficiently pop up on thousands of legitimate Web sites. Ultimately hijacking the legitimate traffic hitting them and  successfully undermining the confidentiality and integrity of the affected users’ hosts.

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Web site of Brazilian ‘Prefeitura Municipal de Jaqueira’ compromised, leads to fake Adobe Flash player

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Our sensors just picked up an interesting Web site infection that’s primarily targeting Brazilian users. It appears that the Web site of the Brazilian Jaqueira prefecture has been compromised, and is exposing users to a localized (to Portuguese) Web page enticing them into installing a malicious version of Adobe’s Flash player. Not surprisingly, we’ve also managed to identify approximately 63 more Brazilian Web sites that are victims to the same infection.

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