Posts Categorized: malware


A peek inside a subscription-based DIY keylogging based type of botnet/malware generating tool

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Cybercriminals continue to systematically release DIY (do-it-yourself) type of cybercrime-friendly offerings, in an effort to achieve a ‘malicious economies of scale’ type of fraudulent model, which is a concept that directly intersects with our ‘Cybercrime Trends – 2013‘ observations. We’ve recently spotted yet another subscription-based, DIY keylogging based botnet/malware generating tool. Let’s take a peek inside its Web based interface, and expose the cybercrime-friendly infrastructure behind it. More details:

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Malicious DIY Java applet distribution platforms going mainstream – part two

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In a cybercrime ecosystem, dominated by client-side exploits serving Web malware exploitation kits, cybercriminals continue relying on good old fashioned social engineering tricks in an attempt to trick gullible end users into knowingly/unknowingly installing malware. In a series of blog posts, we’ve been highlighting the existence of DIY (do-it-yourself), social engineering driven, Java drive-by type of Web based platforms, further enhancing the current efficient state of social engineering driven campaigns. Let’s take a peek inside yet another Web based DIY Java applet distribution platform, discuss its features, and directly connect to the Rodecap botnet, whose connections with related malicious campaigns have been established in several previously […]

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Android.Koler – Android based ransomware

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Recently, a new Android threat named Android.Koler has begun popping up in the news.  According to an article by ARS Technica, it reacts similar to other pieces of ransomware often found on Windows machines.  A popup will appear and state “Your Android phone viewed illegal porn. To unlock it, pay a $300 fine”.  This nasty little piece of malware is infecting people who visit certain adult websites on their phone. The site claims you need to install a video player to view the adult content. Although I can’t say for sure since I haven’t seen the malicious sites, I’m guessing […]

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DIY cybercrime-friendly (legitimate) APK injecting/decompiling app spotted in the wild

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With millions of Android users continuing to acquire new apps through Google Play, cybercriminals continue looking for efficient and profitable ways to infiltrate Android’s marketplace using a variety of TTPs (tactics, techniques and procedures). Largely relying on the ubiquitous for the cybercrime ecosystem, affiliate network based revenue sharing scheme, segmented cybercrime-friendly underground traffic exchanges, as well as mass and efficient compromise of legitimate Web sites, for the purpose of hijacking legitimate traffic, the market segment for Android malware continues flourishing. We’ve recently spotted, yet another, commercially available DIY cybercrime-friendly (legitimate) APK injecting/decompiling app. The tool is capable of facilitating premium-rate SMS fraud on […]

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Evolution of Encrypting Ransomware

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Recently we’ve seen a big change in the encrypting ransomware family and we’re going to shed light on some of the newest variants and the stages of evolution that have led the high profile malware to where it is today. For those that aren’t aware of what encrypting ransomware is, its a cryptovirus that encrypts all your data from local hard drives, network shared drives, removable hard drives and USB. The encryption is done using an RSA -2048 asymmetric public key which makes decryption without the key impossible. Paying the ransom will net you the key which in turn leads to getting […]

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DIY automatic cybercrime-friendly ‘redirector generating’ service spotted in the wild – part two

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Cybercriminals continue actively abusing/mixing legitimate and purely malicious infrastructure, on their way to take advantage of clean IP reputation, for the purpose of achieving a positive ROI (return on investment) out of their fraudulent/malicious activities, in terms of attribution and increasing the average lifetime for their campaigns. Acting as intermediaries within the exploitation/social engineering/malware-serving chain, the market segment for this type of cybercrime-friendly services continues flourishing, with more vendors joining it, aiming to differentiate their UVP (unique value proposition) through a variety of ‘value-added’ services. We’ve recently spotted yet another managed/on demand redirector generating service, that’s empowering potential cybercriminals with the […]

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A peek inside a modular, Tor C&C enabled, Bitcoin mining malware bot

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Cybercriminals continue to maliciously ‘innovate’, further confirming the TTP (tactics, techniques and procedure) observations we made in our Cybercrime Trends – 2013 assessment back in December, 2013, namely, that the diverse cybercrime ecosystem is poised for exponential growth. Standardizing the very basics of fraudulent and malicious operations, throughout the years, cybercriminals have successfully achieved a state of ‘malicious economies of scale, type of economically efficient model, successfully contributing to international widespread financial and intellectual property theft. Thanks to basic cybercrime disruption concepts, such as modular DIY (do-it-yourself) commercial and publicly obtainable malware/botnet generating tools. In 2014, both sophisticated and novice cybercriminals have […]

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Socks4/Socks5 enabled hosts as a service introduces affiliate network based revenue sharing scheme

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Thanks to the commercial and public availability of DIY (do-it-yourself) modular malware/botnet generating tools, the diverse market segment for Web malware exploitating kits, as well as traffic acquiring/distributing cybercrime-friendly traffic exchanges, cybercriminals continue populating the cybercrime ecosystem with newly launched services offering API-enabled access to Socks4/Socks5 compromised/hacked hosts. Largely relying on the ubiquitous affiliate network revenue sharing/risk-forwarding scheme, vendors of these services, as well as products with built-in Socks4/Socks5 enabled features, continue acquiring new customers and gaining market share to further capitalize on their maliciously obtained assets. We’ve recently spotted a newly launched affiliate network for a long-run — since 2004 […]

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5M+ harvested Russian mobile numbers service exposes fraudulent infrastructure

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Cybercriminals continue adapting to the exponential penetration of mobile devices through the systematic release of DIY (do-it-yourself) mobile number harvesting tools, successfully setting up the foundations for commercial managed/on demand mobile phone number harvesting services, ultimately leading to an influx of mobile  malware/spam campaigns. In addition to boutique based DIY operations, sophisticated, ‘innovation’ and market development-oriented cybercriminals are actively working on the development of commercially available Android-based botnet generating tools, further fueling growth into the market segment. In a series of blog posts, we’ve been profiling multiple cybercrime-friendly services/malicious Android-based underground market releases, further highlighting the professionalization of the market […]

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