Posts Categorized: Targets


A peek inside a subscription-based DIY keylogging based type of botnet/malware generating tool

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Cybercriminals continue to systematically release DIY (do-it-yourself) type of cybercrime-friendly offerings, in an effort to achieve a ‘malicious economies of scale’ type of fraudulent model, which is a concept that directly intersects with our ‘Cybercrime Trends – 2013‘ observations. We’ve recently spotted yet another subscription-based, DIY keylogging based botnet/malware generating tool. Let’s take a peek inside its Web based interface, and expose the cybercrime-friendly infrastructure behind it. More details:

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Fake Reviews Trick Google Play Users

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Here at Webroot, we are constantly on the lookout for malevolent Android apps. In most cases, you do something malicious with your app and you get marked accordingly, but it’s not always that simple. Two weeks ago an app called “Virus Shield” popped up on the Google Play store. Within days, Virus Shield became Google Play’s #1 paid app. With thousands of reviews and a 4.7 star rating, who would question it?  Well, a few people did, the code was looked at, and Google pulled it from the store.  They have even gone as far as to make amends with those […]

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Managed DDoS WordPress-targeting, XML-RPC API abusing service, spotted in the wild

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With WordPress continuing to lead the CMS market segment, with the biggest proportion of market share, cybercriminals are actively capitalizing on the monocultural insecurities posed by this trend, in an attempt to monetize the ubiquitous (for the cybercrime ecosystem) TTPs (tactics, techniques and procedures). Despite actively seeking new and ‘innovative’ ways to abuse this trend, cybercriminals are also relying on good old fashioned reconnaissance and ‘hitlist’ building tactics, in an attempt to achieve an efficiency-oriented ‘malicious economies of scale’ type of fraudulent/malicious process. We’ve recently spotted a managed WordPress installations-targeting, XML-RPC API abusing type of DDos (Denial of Service) attack service, […]

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Commercially available database of 52M+ ccTLD zone transfer domains spotted in the wild

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For years, cybercriminals have been building ‘hit lists’of potential targets through automated and efficiency-oriented reconnaissance TTPs (tactics, techniques and procedures).  The aim is to fraudulently/maliciously capitalize on these databases consisting of both corporate and government users. Seeking a positive return on their fraudulent/malicious activities, cybercriminals also actively apply basic QA (Quality Assurance) processes, standardization, systematic releasing of DIY (do-it-yourself) cybercrime-friendly applications – all to further ensure a profitable outcome for their campaigns. Thanks to the active implementation of these TTPs, in 2014, the market segments for spam-ready managed services/blackhat SEO (search engine optimization) continue to flourish with experienced vendors starting to ‘vertically integrate’ within the cybercrime […]

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A peek inside a modular, Tor C&C enabled, Bitcoin mining malware bot

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Cybercriminals continue to maliciously ‘innovate’, further confirming the TTP (tactics, techniques and procedure) observations we made in our Cybercrime Trends – 2013 assessment back in December, 2013, namely, that the diverse cybercrime ecosystem is poised for exponential growth. Standardizing the very basics of fraudulent and malicious operations, throughout the years, cybercriminals have successfully achieved a state of ‘malicious economies of scale, type of economically efficient model, successfully contributing to international widespread financial and intellectual property theft. Thanks to basic cybercrime disruption concepts, such as modular DIY (do-it-yourself) commercial and publicly obtainable malware/botnet generating tools. In 2014, both sophisticated and novice cybercriminals have […]

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5M+ harvested Russian mobile numbers service exposes fraudulent infrastructure

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Cybercriminals continue adapting to the exponential penetration of mobile devices through the systematic release of DIY (do-it-yourself) mobile number harvesting tools, successfully setting up the foundations for commercial managed/on demand mobile phone number harvesting services, ultimately leading to an influx of mobile  malware/spam campaigns. In addition to boutique based DIY operations, sophisticated, ‘innovation’ and market development-oriented cybercriminals are actively working on the development of commercially available Android-based botnet generating tools, further fueling growth into the market segment. In a series of blog posts, we’ve been profiling multiple cybercrime-friendly services/malicious Android-based underground market releases, further highlighting the professionalization of the market […]

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Solving the mystery of incidence response

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The threat landscape today is very different from a few years ago. With an increasingly creative number of threat vectors through which to launch an attack, it has never been more challenging to secure our data and devices in all the ways we connect. In today’s hyper-dynamic landscape, well over 8 million malware variants are discovered each month. The majority are financially motivated, very low in volume and very sophisticated. On the mobile front, cybercriminals have shown a clear focus on compromising devices made evident by an explosion in the discovery of malicious mobile apps and websites. Also on the […]

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Spamvertised ‘You received a new message from Skype voicemail service’ themed emails lead to Angler exploit kit

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We’ve just intercepted a currently circulating malicious spam campaign that’s attempting to trick potential botnet victims into thinking that they’ve received a legitimate Voice Message Notification from Skype. In reality though, once socially engineered users click on the malicious link found in the bogus emails, they’re automatically exposed to the client-side exploits served by the Angler exploit kit. More details:

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‘Hacking for hire’ teams occupy multiple underground market segments, monetize their malicious ‘know how’

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In a series of blog posts published throughout 2012, we’ve been highlighting the existence of a vibrant underground market segment, namely, that of ‘hacking for hire’ services, email hacking in particular. Commercially available as a service for years, the practice’s growth was once largely fueled by the release of DIY Web-based popular email provider hacking tools, which once acquired by prospective cybercriminals, quickly became the foundation for a successful business model. How have things changed nowadays, in terms of tactics, techniques and procedures? Profoundly. Case in point, we’ve been tracking two such ‘hacking for hire’ services, both of which offer […]

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Malicious campaign relies on rogue WordPress sites, leads to client-side exploits through the Magnitude exploit kit

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In a cybercrime ecosystem populated by commercially available WordPress brute-forcing and mass vulnerable WordPress installation scanning tools, cybercriminals continue actively capitalizing on the platform’s leading market share within the Content Management System’s market segment. Successfully exploiting tens of thousands of installations on a daily basis, for the purpose of utilizing the legitimate infrastructure to achieve their fraudulent/malicious campaign objectives, the tactic is also largely driven by the over-supply of compromised/accounting data, usually embedded within sophisticated Web-based attack platforms like the ones we’ve profiled in the past. We’ve recently intercepted a malicious campaign exclusively relying on rogue WordPress sites, ultimately serving client-side exploits to users […]

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