Posts Categorized: Threat Research


A peek inside the Umbra malware loader

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The thriving cybercrime underground marketplace has a lot to offer. From DIY botnet builders, DIY DDoS platforms, to platforms for executing clickjacking and likejacking campaigns, next to drive-by malware attacks, the ecosystem is always a step ahead of the industry established to fight back. Continuing the “A peek inside…” series, in this post I will profile yet another freely available DIY Botnet building tool – the Umbra Malware Loader.

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A peek inside the Cythosia v2 DDoS Bot

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by Dancho Danchev With DDoS extortion and DDoS for hire attacks proliferating, next to the ever decreasing price for renting a botnet, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that cybercriminals are constantly experimenting with new DDoS tools. In this post, I’ll profile a newly released DDoS bot, namely v2 of the Cythosia DDoS bot.

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A peek inside the PickPocket Botnet

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by Dancho Danchev Malicious attackers quickly adapt to emerging trends, and therefore constantly produce new malicious releases. One of these recently released underground tools, is the PickPocket Botnet, a web-based command and control interface for controlling a botnet. Let’s review its core features, and find out just how easy it is to purchase it within the cybercrime ecosystem.

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Mass SQL injection attack affects over 200,000 URLs

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by Dancho Danchev Security researchers from the Internet Storm Center, have intercepted a currently ongoing SQL injection attack, that has already affected over 200,000 URLs. The attack was originally detected in early December, 2011. It currently affects ASP sites and Coldfusion, as well as all versions of MSSQL.

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“Android Malware” – Thre@t Reply(video)

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Are Android phones susceptible to Trojans and other viruses just like computer? How can you make sure your phone doesn’t become infected and if it does, what can you do? Webroot mobile threat research analyst, Armando Orozco answers this question that was asked to our Webroot Threat Research team via Twitter. [youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=55-CL-_TiEM]

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Reflections on mobile security

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By Armando Orozco Be wary the next time you enter your passcode into your iPhone on the bus – someone could be shoulder surfing. In fact, a team of researchers from the University of North Carolina has developed a system to watch you pecking out characters on your phone, analyse the video, and produce a pretty accurate guess of what you were typing. When people talk about key loggers, they’re usually thinking about malware that sits on a computer and surreptitiously monitors what keys people are pressing. But these university researchers are applying an entirely different approach to key logging. […]

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Top 7 Cybersecurity Predictions for 2012

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By Mel Morris From Stuxnet to Sony, a number of cyberattacks emerged in 2011 that experts have predicted for quite some time. I predict 2012 will be even more pivotal, thrusting cybersecurity into the spotlight. These are my top seven forecasts for the year ahead: 1) Targeted, zero-day attacks will be the norm. Looking back over the past year, an increasing number of breaches were the result of custom malware and exploits targeting specific enterprises. I predict 2012 will be the year of targeted attacks, which have slowly evolved from large-scale threats to unique attacks designed to infect a handful […]

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In space, no one can hear you hack

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By the Webroot Threat Team Two of NASA’s satellites were hacked during 2007 and 2008, according to a draft report to be officially released later this month. According to the United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission, the ‘birds’, which focused on Earth observation for tasks such as climate monitoring, were reportedly pwned by the attackers, to the extent that they could have taken total control of the systems, had they wished. The Landsat-7 earth observation satellite was hacked into for twelve minutes, during October 2007 and July 2008. The Terra AM-1 earth observation satellite was disrupted for two minutes […]

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This blackhole exploit kit gives you Windows Media Player and a whole lot more

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By Mike Johnson As a follow-up to the Blackhole Exploit posting, I thought I would share one aspect of my job that I truely enjoy: Discovery. While investigating some active urls being served up via a blackhole kit, I noticed something quite odd, as I would end up on sites that had malicious code injected into their webpages. Once the redirection to the blackhole kit was initiated, I saw the usual exploits taking place, first being Internet Explorer and Adobe Flash, then onto Adobe Reader and Java. This time, the kit didn’t stop there. Internet Explorer proceeded to launch Windows Media Player. Since I had never […]

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A look inside the SpyEye Trojan admin console

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By Michael Johnson At Webroot we’ve been researching and chronicling developments with SpyEye since we first saw it in April 2010. This nasty Trojan is the successor to the Zeus Trojan, and it became essentially the main rootkit available for sale after the author of ZeuS left the underground market and sold ZeuS sources to the SpyEye team. Over the last six months, through Webroot’s real-time watch technology and through my own adventures hunting malware proactively in my spare time, I’ve noticed an extreme escalation of SpyEye infections. Last week I came across a URL for a password-protected site and […]

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