Posts Categorized: Threat Research


Vendor of TDoS products/services releases new multi-threaded SIP-based TDoS tool

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Telephony Denial of Service Attacks (TDoS) continue representing a growing market segment within the Russian/Eastern European underground market, with more vendors populating it with propositions for products and services aiming to disrupt the phone communications of prospective victims. From purely malicious in-house infrastructure — dozens of USB hubs with 3G USB modems using fraudulently obtained, non-attributable SIM cards — abuse of legitimate infrastructure, like Skype, ICQ, a mobile carrier’s legitimate service functionality, or compromised accounts of SIP account owners, the market continues growing to the point where even Distributed Denial of Service Attack (DDoS) providers start ‘vertically integrating’. A new, […]

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Malicious multi-hop iframe campaign affects thousands of Web sites, leads to a cocktail of client-side exploits

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Sharing is caring. In this post, I’ll put the spotlight on a currently circulating, massive — thousands of sites affected — malicious iframe campaign, that attempts to drop malicious software on the hosts of unaware Web site visitors through a cocktail of client-side exploits. The campaign, featuring a variety of evasive tactics making it harder to analyze, continues to efficiently pop up on thousands of legitimate Web sites. Ultimately hijacking the legitimate traffic hitting them and  successfully undermining the confidentiality and integrity of the affected users’ hosts.

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Web site of Brazilian ‘Prefeitura Municipal de Jaqueira’ compromised, leads to fake Adobe Flash player

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Our sensors just picked up an interesting Web site infection that’s primarily targeting Brazilian users. It appears that the Web site of the Brazilian Jaqueira prefecture has been compromised, and is exposing users to a localized (to Portuguese) Web page enticing them into installing a malicious version of Adobe’s Flash player. Not surprisingly, we’ve also managed to identify approximately 63 more Brazilian Web sites that are victims to the same infection.

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Popular French torrent portal tricks users into installing the BubbleDock/Downware/DownloadWare PUA (Potentially Unwanted Application)

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A typical campaign attempting to trick users into installing Potentially Unwanted Software (PUA), would usually consist of a single social engineering vector, which on the majority of cases would represent something in the lines of a catchy “Play Now/Missing Video Plugin” type of advertisement. Not the one we’ll discuss in this blog post. Relying on deceptive “visual social engineering” practices, a popular French torrent portal is knowingly — the actual directory structure explicitly says /fakeplayer — enticing users into installing the BubbleDock/Downware/DownloadWare PUA. What kind of social engineering tactics is the portal relying on? Let’s find out.

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Low Quality Assurance (QA) iframe campaign linked to May’s Indian government Web site compromise spotted in the wild

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We’ve intercepted a currently trending malicious iframe campaign, affecting hundreds of legitimate Web sites, that’s interestingly part of the very same infrastructure from May, 2013′s analysis of the compromise of an Indian government Web site. The good news? Not only have we got you proactively covered, but also, the iframe domain is currently redirecting to a client-side exploit serving URL that’s offline. Let’s provide some actionable intelligence on the malicious activity that is known to have originated from the same iframe campaign in the past month, indicating that the cybercriminal(s) behind it are actively multi-tasking on multiple fronts.

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Source code for proprietary spam bot offered for sale, acts as force multiplier for cybercrime-friendly activity

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In a professional cybercrime ecosystem, largely resembling that of a legitimate economy, market participants constantly strive to optimize their campaigns, achieve stolen assets liquidity, and most importantly, aim to reach a degree of efficiency that would help them gain market share. Thus, help them secure multiple revenue streams. Despite the increased transparency on the Russian/Easter European underground market — largely thanks to improved social networking courtesy of the reputation-aware cybercriminals wanting to establish themselves as serious vendors — certain newly joining vendors continue being a victim of their market-irrelevant ‘biased exclusiveness’ in terms of the unique value propositon (UVP) presented […]

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New vendor of ‘professional DDoS for hire service’ spotted in the wild

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In a series of blog posts, we’ve highlighted the emergence of easy to use, publicly obtainable, cracked or leaked, DIY (Do It Yourself) DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack tools. These services empower novice cybercriminals with easy to use tools, enabling them to monetize in the form of ‘vendor’ type propositions for DDoS for hire services. Not surprisingly, we continue to observe the growth of this emerging (international) market segment, with its participants continuing to professionalize, while pitching their services to virtually anyone who’s willing to pay for them. However, among the most common differences between the international underground marketplace and, for […]

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Cybercriminals differentiate their ‘access to compromised PCs’ service proposition, emphasize on the prevalence of ‘female bot slaves’

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From Bitcoin accepting services offering access to compromised malware infected hosts and vertical integration to occupy a larger market share, to services charging based on malware executions, we’ve seen multiple attempts by novice cybercriminals to introduce unique value propositions (UVP). These are centered on differentiating their offering in an over-supplied cybercrime-friendly market segment. And that’s just for starters. A newly launched service is offering access to malware infecting hosts, DDoS for hire/on demand, as well as crypting malware before the campaign is launched. All in an effort to differentiate its unique value proposition not only by vertically integrating, but also emphasizing […]

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Google-dorks based mass Web site hacking/SQL injecting tool helps facilitate malicious online activity

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Among the most common misconceptions regarding the exploitation (hacking) of Web sites, is that no one would exclusively target *your* Web site, given that the there are so many high profile Web sites to hack into. In reality though, thanks to the public/commercial availability of tools relying on the exploitation of remote Web application vulnerabilities, the insecurely configured Web sites/forums/blogs, as well as the millions of malware-infected hosts internationally, virtually every Web site that’s online automatically becomes a potential target. They also act as a driving force the ongoing data mining to accounting data to be later on added to some […]

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