Posts Tagged: Cybercrime Trends


Cybercrime Trends 2013 – Year in Review

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It’s that time of the year! The moment when we reflect back on the cybercrime tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) that shaped 2013, in order to constructively speculate on what’s to come for 2014 in terms of fraudulent and malicious campaigns, orchestrated by opportunistic cybercriminal adversaries across the globe. Throughout 2013, we continued to observe and profile TTPs, which were crucial for the success, profitability and growth of the cybercrime ecosystem internationally, such as, for instance, widespread proliferation of the campaigns, professionalism and the implementation of basic business/economic/marketing concepts, improved QA (Quality Assurance), vertical integration in an attempt to occupy […]

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A peek inside the ‘Zerokit/0kit/ring0 bundle’ bootkit

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In a diversified underground marketplace, where multiple market players interact with one another on a daily basis, there are the “me too” developers, and the true “innovators” whose releases have the potential to cause widespread damage, ultimately resulting in huge financial losses internationally. In this post, I’ll profile one such underground market release known as as “Zerokit, 0kit or the ring0 bundle” bootkit which was originally advertised at a popular invite-only/vetted cybercrime-friendly community back in 2011. I’ll emphasize on its core features, offer an inside peek into its administration panel, and discuss the novel “licensing” scheme used by its author, namely, to […]

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Spotted: cybercriminals working on new Western Union based ‘money mule management’ script

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Risk-forwarding is an inseparable part of the cybercrime ecosystem. Whether it’s the use of malware-infected hosts as stepping-stones, the issuing of License Agreements for your latest rootkit release stating that it’s meant to be tested against the customer’s own systems — you wish — or the selling of cheap access to verified PayPal accounts, in an attempt to mitigate the “cash-out” risk by forwarding it to a more experienced cybercriminal, the process of risk-forwarding is visible across the entire ecosystem. In this post I’ll discuss a recently spotted Wetern Union based money mule management script. While the cybercriminals are currently developing this script, […]

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New ZeuS source code based rootkit available for purchase on the underground market

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By Dancho Danchev We have recently spotted a new underground market ad, featuring a new commercially available malware bot+rootkit based on the ZeuS crimeware’s leaked source code. According to its author, the modular nature of the bot, allows him to keep coming up with new plugins, resulting in systematic “innovation” and the introduction of new features. What’s the long-term potential of this malware bot with rootkit functionality? Does it have the capacity to challenge the market leading malware bot families? What are some of the features that differentiate it from the rest of competing bots currently in the wild? What’s the price of the […]

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How much does it cost to buy 10,000 U.S.-based malware-infected hosts?

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Earlier this month, we profiled and exposed a newly launched underground service offering access to tens of thousands of malware-infected hosts, with an emphasis on the fact that U.S.-based hosts were relatively more expensive to acquire, largely due to the fact that U.S.-based users are known to have a higher online purchasing power. How much does it cost to buy 10,000 U.S.-based malware-infected hosts? Let’s find out. In this post, I’ll profile yet another service offering access to malware-infected hosts internationally, that’s been operating since the middle of 2012, and despite the fact that it’s official Web site is currently […]

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Black Hole Exploit Kit author’s ‘vertical market integration’ fuels growth in malicious Web activity

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Historical cybercrime performance activity of multiple gangs and individuals has shown us that, in order for them to secure multiple revenue streams, they have the tendency to multi-task on multiple fronts while operating and serving the needs of customers within different cybercrime-friendly market segments. A logical question emerges in the context of the fact that 99% of all the spamvertised campaigns we’re currently intercepting rely on the latest version of the Black Hole Exploit Kit - is Paunch, the author of the kit, multi-tasking as well? What’s the overall impact of his ‘vertical market integration‘ practices across the Web beyond maintaining […]

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A peek inside a boutique cybercrime-friendly E-shop – part five

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Seeking financial liquidity for their fraudulently obtained assets, novice cybercriminals continue launching new DIY cybercrime-friendly e-shops offering access to compromised accounts, harvested email databases, and accounts that have been purchased using stolen credit card data,  in an attempt to diversify their portfolio and, consequently, increase the probability of a successful purchase from their shops. In this post, I’ll profile one of the most recently launched cybercrime-friendly e-shops, continuing the “A peek inside a boutique cybercrime-friendly E-shop” series. More details:

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