Realizing the market segment potential of bulletproof hosting services in a post-Russian Business Network (RBN) world — although it can be easily argued that as long as its operators are at large they will remain in business — cybercriminals continue supplying the cybercrime ecosystem with market-relevant propositions. It empowers anyone with the ability to host fraudulent and malicious content online. A newly launched Virtual Dedicated Server (VDS) type of bulletproof hosting vendor is pitching itself to prospective cybercriminals, offering them hosting services for spam, malware, brute-forcing tools, blackhat SEO tools, C&C (command and control) servers, exploit kits and warez. In […]
Posts Tagged: Exploits
Thanks to the free, commercial availability of mass Web site hacking tools, in combination with hundreds of thousands of misconfigured and unpatched Web sites, blogs and forums currently susceptible to exploitation, cybercriminals are successfully monetizing the compromise process. They are setting up iFrame based traffic E-shops and offering access to hijacked legitimate traffic to be later on converted to malware-infected hosts. Despite the fact that the iFrame traffic E-shop that I’ll discuss in this post is pitching itself as a “legitimate traffic service”, it’s also explicitly emphasizing on the fact that iFrame based traffic is perfectly suitable to be used […]
Cybercriminals are mass mailing tens of thousands of malicious Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) themed emails, in an attempt to trick users into clicking on the client-side exploits serving and malware dropping URLs found in the bogus emails. Let’s dissect the campaign, expose the portfolio of malicious domains using it, provide MD5s for a sample exploit and the dropped malware, as well as connect the campaign with previously launched already profiled malicious campaigns.
The list of monetization tactics a cybercriminal can take advantage of, once they manage to hijack a huge portion of Web traffic, is virtually limitless and is entirely based on his experience within the cybercrime ecosystem. Through the utilization of blackhat SEO (search engine optimization), RFI (Remote File Inclusion), DNS cache poisoning, or direct impersonation of popular brands in spam/phishing campaigns tactics, on a daily basis, traffic is sold and resold for achieving a customer’s or a seller’s fraudulent/malicious objectives, and is then most commonly converted to malware-infected hosts. In this post, I’ll profile two cybercrime-friendly iFrame traffic exchanges, with the […]
By Dancho Danchev Operating in the open since 2009, a bulletproof hosting provider continues offering services for white, grey, and black projects, as they like to describe them, and has been directly contributing to the epidemic growth of cybercrime to the present day through its cybercriminal-friendly services. From Traffic Distribution Systems (TDS), to doorways, pharmaceutical scams, spam domains and warez, the provider is also utilizing basic marketing concepts like, for instance, promotions through coupon codes in an attempt to attract more customers. More details:
Throughout the last couple of years, the persistent demand for geolocated traffic coming from both legitimate traffic exchanges or purely malicious ones — think traffic acquisition through illegally embedded iFrames — has been contributing to the growing market segment where traffic is bought, sold and re-sold, for the sole purpose of monetizing it through illegal means. The ultimately objective? Expose users visiting compromised, or blackhat SEO-friendly automatically generated sites with bogus content, to fraudulent or malicious content in the form of impersonations of legitimate Web sites seeking accounting data, or client-side exploits silently served in an attempt to have an […]
By Michael Sweeting After a relatively long lag period without seeing any particular new and exciting Mac malware, last week we saw the surfacing of a new and interesting method of compromising the OSX system. Malware authors have taken a new approach by altering file extensions of malicious .app packages in order to trick users into thinking they are opening relatively harmless .pdf or .doc files. Changing file extensions in Mac OSX can be tricky due to a built in security feature of the OS that detects attempts to change the extension and automatically annexes the extension of its correct […]
By Nathan Collier Last Friday we blogged about the radical Android OS bug 8219321, better known as the “Master Key” bug, which was reported by Bluebox Security. Check out last weeks blog if you haven’t already: “The implications are huge!” – The Master Key Bug. We mentioned how we have been diligently working on protecting those not yet covered by patches or updates, and finding a solution for older devices as well. We are happy to report we have the solution! The newest version of Webroot SecureAnywhere Mobile with a patch for the “Master Key” bug can be found on the […]
By Nathan Collier and Cameron Palan Last week, Bluebox Security reported they’d found a new flaw with the Android OS, saying “The implications are huge!”. The bug, also known as the “Master Key” bug or “bug 8219321”, can be exploited as a way to modify Android application files, specifically the code within them, without breaking the cryptographic signature. We call these signatures the “digital certificate”, and they are used to verify the app’s integrity. Since the bug is able to modify an application and still have the certificate appear valid, it is a big deal.
For many years now, cybercriminals have been efficiency abusing both legitimate compromised and automatically registered FTP accounts (using CAPTCHA outsourcing) in an attempt to monetize the process by uploading cybercrime-friendly ‘doorways’ or plain simple malicious scripts to be used later on in their campaigns. This practice led to the emergence of DIY (do-it-yourself) tools and managed service platforms that allow virtually anyone to start monetizing these fraudulently or automatically registered accounting data, signaling a trend towards an efficiency-driven cybercrime ecosystem – a concept that’s been materializing on a daily basis for a couple of years. In this post, I’ll profile a desktop-based tool that allows cybercriminals […]